Career Opportunities for Majors in Biological Sciences


Biological sciences is the study of living organisms and their relationship to the environment. The major in Biological Sceinces, administered through the Division of Life Sciences Office of Undergraduate Instruction, is intended to provide a broad and comprehensive training in modern biology. Topics of study may include biochemistry, botany, bacteriology, cell biology, ecology and evolution, endocrinology, immunology, molecular biology, nuerobiology, and physiology. The major in Biological Sciences is recommended for those who wish to study biology as part of their liberal arts education, preparing them for a career in one of the health professions, graduate studies in biology, a teaching career in secondary schools (courses in education are also required), as well as employment in various areas of the life sciences. If a student wishes to concentrate his/her studies in a specific area of biology, he/she should consider a major offered by one of the departments in the Division of Life Sciences or in Cook College.

Some scientists conduct basic research to increase the knowledge of living organisms, while those in applied research use this knowledge to develop new medicines, increase crop yields and improve the environment. Work is generally performed in a laboratory or outdoor field setting. Other biological science graduates work in management or administration, planning programs for food and drug testing or managing a botanical garden. Some work as consultants to business firms, sell chemicals or laboratory instruments, or write for technical publications.

While most graduates work in a related occupation and eventually obtain an advanced degree, others choose another direction. Many careers do not require a specific major but rather a wide range of demonstrated skills and accomplishments. Regardless of your career choices, increase your marketability to employers through internships, responsible work experience, good grades and involvement in college activities. A bachelor's degree is sufficient for advanced technician jobs in the medical field, lab/research assistant positions, or testing and inspection jobs. An advanced degree is required for most other positions in the scientific field.

A Sample Of Related Occupations

Acute Care Nurses Food & Drug Inspector Patent Specialist
Anesthesiologist Assistants Food Scientists and Technologists Pathologist
Animal Scientists Forensic Science Technicians Pest Control Inspector
Biochemist Genetic Counselors Pharmaceutical Sales Rep.
Biofuels Processing Technicians Geneticist Pharmacologist
Bioinformatics Scientists Health Technologists and Technicians Phlebotomists
Bioinformatics Technicians Healthcare Social Workers Physicial Therapist
Biological Technicians Histotechnologists and Histologic Technicians Physician Assistant
Biologists Hospital Administrator Plant Quarantine Specialist
Biomass Plant Technicians Laboratory Technician Postsecondary Biological Science Teachers
Biophysicist Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses Postsecondary Education Administrators
Biostatistician Marine Biologist Postsecondary Health Specialties Teachers
Biotechnologist Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians Preventive Medicine Physicians
Botanist Medical Assistants Public Health Assistant
Clinical Research Coordinators Medical Doctor Quality Control Analysts
Cytogenetic Technologists Medical Equipment Preparers Registered Nurses
Dentist Medical Record Technician Regulatory Affairs Managers
Embryologist Medical Scientists Research Asst.
Emergency Management Directors Medical Technologist Respiratory Therapy Technicians
Endoscopy Technicians Microbiologist Scientific Librarian
Entomologist Molecular and Cellular Biologists Surgical Technologists
Environ. Health Educator Mycologist Survey Researchers
Environ. Impact Analyst Naturopathic Physicians Technical Writer
Environmental Restoration Planners Neurodiagnostic Technologists Toxicologist
Environmental Scientists and Specialists - Including Health Neuropsychologists and Clinical Neuropsychologists Veterinarian
Epidemiologists Nurse Anesthetists Water Resource Specialists
Exercise Physiologists Occupational Health and Safety Specialists Wildlife Biologist
Fisheries Biologist Parasitologist

Types of Employers

Private & Nonprofit Organizations
Chemical Manufacturers Health Service Providers Scientific Journals
Clinics Hospitals Soap/Cosmetics Companies
Educational Institutions Medical Instrument Companies  Testing Labs
Environmental Consulting Firms Pharmaceutical Companies Tobacco Industry
Fisheries Public Utilities
Food Manufacturers Research Foundations
Government Agencies
Air Pollution Control Fish and Wildlife Service National Science Foundation
Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services  Food and Drug Administration Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Centers for Disease Control Institute of Education Sciences Peace Corps
Department of Agriculture Land Use Planning Comm. U.S. Forest Service
Department of Environmental Protection NJ State Department of Health Water Resource Council
Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health
Environmental Protection Agency National Park Service

Jobs Obtained by Rutgers Graduates - First Jobs of Recent Graduates - Biological Sciences

Organization Job Title
Nature Conservancy Administrative Assistant
Jacobus Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemist
Hoffmann-La Roche Assistant Scientist
Schering-Plough Assistant Scientist
Merck & Co. Biologist
Spex Industries Chemical Sales Assistant
Medical Diagnostic Laboratories Clinical Laboratory Tech
BioPharm Clinical Research Associate
USFDA Consumer Safety Officer
Englewood Hospital Cytologist Technician
Merck & Co. Health Physicist
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Jobs Obtained by Rutgers Graduates - Jobs of Experienced Alumni - Biological Sciences

Agilent Technologies Account Manager
USDA (MS Animal Science) Animal Scientist
Regulatory Affairs, Bristol-Myers Squibb (MBA) Assistant Manager
University of California Assistant Professor, Life Sciences
Psychiatry, GWU (MD) Assistant Professor, Psychiatry
SUNY Health Sciences Ctr. (PhD Cell Bio.) Asst. Prof
Institute of Ecosystem Studies (PhD Ecology) Asst. Scientist
Bristol-Myers Squibb (MS Biotechnology) Associate Clinical Scientist
Bio/dynamics (Board certified) Assoc. Dir., Toxicology
Schering-Plough (MS Microbiology) Associate Scientist
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Graduate Schools Attended

Institution Degree Field
Nursing Registered Nurse
Albert Einstein College of Medicine PhD Biomedical Sciences
Albert Einstein College of Medicine Medicine
American University of the Caribbean Medicine
Arcadia University MS Genetic Counseling
Baylor College of Medicine Neuroscience
Boston College MA Psychology
Boston University Biological Sciences Medical Sciences
Boston University, School of Medicine MD
Brookdale Community College
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Additionally, you may: